Lowest ratio of women who are married to women since statistics were compiled in 2014
[세종=뉴스핌] Reporter Kyung-tae Lee = In the first half of this year, the ratio of unemployed women and women with career breaks reached the lowest level ever. The employment rate of married women living with children under 18 rose slightly to 60%.
According to the ‘Employment Status of Married Women in the First Half of 2023 Regional Employment Survey’ announced by Statistics Korea on the 21st, the number of married women aged 15 to 54 in the first half of this year (April) was 7,943,000, a decrease of 159,000 from the previous year.
|Employment status of women living with children under the age of 18 and status of women with career breaks [자료=통계청] 2023.11.21 [email protected]|
The number of women who took a career break was 1,349,000, a decrease of 48,000 from the same period last year. Among married women aged 15 to 54, the proportion of women who took a career break was 17.0%, down 0.2 percentage points (p) from the same period last year.
The number of unemployed women was 2.837 million, a decrease of 190,000 from the same period last year. The proportion of unemployed women was 35.7%, down 1.7 percentage points compared to the same period.
The ratio of women with career breaks and the ratio of unemployed women were confirmed to be at the lowest level since 2014, when related statistics were first compiled.
Looking at the reasons why career-interrupted women quit their jobs, 567,000 (42.0%) of them were raising children, 353,000 of them were married (26.2%), and 310,000 of them were pregnant and gave birth (23.0%).
Looking at the period of career interruption, 539,000 people (40.0%) for more than 10 years, 325,000 people (24.1%) for 5 to 10 years, 178,000 people (13.2%) for 3 to 5 years, 1 Those with less than a year’s experience were 155,000 people (11.5%), and those with less than 1 to 3 years’ experience were 152,000 people (11.2%).
Among the 4,347,000 married women living with children under the age of 18, there were 1,081,000 women who had taken a career break, or 24.9%.
In addition, the employment rate of married women aged 15 to 54 was 64.3%, up 1.7 percentage points from the previous year. Among married women living with children under the age of 18, the employment rate was 60.0%, up 2.2 percentage points from the previous year.
By age, 861,000 people were 40-44 years old, 644,000 people were 45-49 years old, 562,000 people were 35-39 years old, 271,000 people were 30-34 years old, and 221,000 people were 50-54 years old. appear. Their employment rate was high in each age group: 67.3% for those aged 50 to 54, 65.1% for those aged 45 to 49, 61.0% for those aged 40 to 44, 57.2% for those aged 35 to 39, and 52.7% for those aged 30 to 34.
Looking at employed people living with children under the age of 18 by number of children, 1,307,000 (50.1%) with one child, 1,112,000 (42.6%) with two children, and 191,000 (7.3%) with three or more children. appear. Their employment rate was 61.2% if they had one child, 59.3% if they had two children, and 56.6% if they had three or more children, which was lower as the number of children increased.
Looking at employed people living with children under the age of 18 by industry, 475,000 people (18.2%) were in the health and social welfare services industry, 421,000 people (16.1%) in the education service industry, and 336,000 people (12.9%) in the wholesale and retail industry. It was counted as
When looking at employed people living with children under the age of 18 by employment status, 2,147,000 (82.3%) were wage workers and 462,000 (17.7%) were non-wage workers.
The average weekly working hours of employed people living with children under the age of 18 was 35.7 hours, which was found to be less the younger the children.
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